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How to Learn English如何学习英语(转载学习)

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    发表于 2019-9-21 19:44:26 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
    本帖最后由 华夏 于 2019-9-21 19:45 编辑

    How to Learn English如何学习英语
      
    Do you want to learn English? I guess that goes without saying if you're reading this article. First of all, you need to ask yourself, “How badly do I want to?” Some students treat English as a content subject, like history, geography or literature.
    All you do is to memorize a lot of facts and you've got it, right? Actually, becoming proficient in a foreign language is more like learning to play the piano. It takes practice - a lot of practice.
    But some of you are saying, “I just don't have any language aptitude.” Oh, come now. If you can read this, you have plenty of aptitude for learning a language.  
    The more important question is whether or not you have the motivation. Many people only want to learn English to pass tests in school. That's not enough.  
    Experts tell us that the most successful language learners have a strong desire to communicate with people in the target culture. By the way, what do you want to be able to do with your English? Have a conversation with a foreigner? Understand movies without reading the Chinese subtitles? Read an English newspaper? Study abroad?
    If you determine why you want to learn English, it will help you know where to start. Learning English requires a number of very specific skills: listening, speaking, reading, writing.!
    Think about which skill you need to brush up on the most. But there is no magic formula. You can't just wake up one morning, say a few magic words, and instantly turn into a fluent English speaker.
    You have to apply yourself. And you can't give up.。
    Listen Up!
    If you want to improve your language skills, you'd better listen up. Listening is a useful source of language input, and it serves as a foundation for other language skills like speaking, reading and writing.
    According to Jim Trelease, author of The Read Aloud Handbook, if you've never heard a word, you'll never say it. And then reading and writing it will be all the more difficult.
    So listening plays an important role in any kind of learning—particularly foreign language learning. Then all you have to do is open your ears, and your English listening skills will improve, right?
    Not exactly. First of all, you have to pay attention.
    Sometimes when you're “listening,” your mind is a million miles away. The words you hear just go in one ear and out the other. But when you concentrate, your mind can process the message.
    If you want to be a good listener - especially in a foreign language - you've got to stay focused.
    OK, so are you paying attention? Good. Here's what you do: 好了,那麼
    Listen to anything and everything you can in English. This will help you absorb the rhythm and sounds of the language.
    Don't try to understand every word of what you hear in English. If you do, you'll just get frustrated. Good listeners constantly make guesses to fill in the gaps.
    Think of your purpose in listening. Do you need specific information, like an address? Or do you just want to know the gist of a news story? Or are you listening to understand how someone is feeling?
    For a classroom situation, try to preview the material you will be listening to. Write down questions you think will be answered as you listen. Use audio recordings wisely. Record English programs off the radio, or purchase language-teaching CDs or MP3s. First play the CD or MP3 through without stopping, listening for the main ideas. Then go back and replay the sections you don't understand. So don't just sit there, do something! Listen!
    如何学习英语
    你想学英语吗?既然你在读这篇文章,我想不说也知道了。首先,你得问你自己:“我有多想学英文?”有些学生把英语视为一个学科,像历史、地理、文学等等。
    你要做的就是背一大堆的事实,然后就学会了,是吗?事实上,要精通一个外语好像学钢琴,需要的就是练习- 很多的练习。
    但你们有些人会说:「我就是一点语言天份也没有。」喔,少来了。如果你能读这篇文章,你就有足够的语言天份。
    更重要的问题是,你有没有学习的动机。很多人学英文只是为了通过学校的考试。那是不够的。专家告诉我们,最成功的语言学习者,拥有和某个特定文化的人沟通的强烈意愿。顺带一问,你希望将来如何运用你的英文?和外国人交谈?看电影时不需要中文字幕,就能看懂?读英文报纸?出国读书?如果你确定了你学习英语的目的,就能帮助你知道从何开始。学英语需要几项非常特別的技巧:听、说、读、写。
    想想哪项技巧是你最需要加强的。但我们没有办法给你一个神奇公式。你不可能在某个早晨醒来,念了几句神奇咒语,然后就突然间变成英文讲得很流利的人。你必须全力以赴,而且不能放弃。仔细听
    若你希望改善你的语言技巧,那么你最好仔细听。听是语言学习中接受讯息的一项有利途径,也是其他语言技巧,譬如,说、读和写等的基础。
    根据吉姆崔利思- 「大声读出来手册」的作者- 如果你从未听过一个字,你永远不知道怎么说它。而要读和写这个字就更加困难了。所以在任何一种学习里,听扮演了一个非常重要的角色,在学习外语时更是如此。因此你该做的就是打开你的耳朵,那你的英文听力就会进步,对吗?不见得。首先,你必须要集中注意力。
    有时当你在「听」的时候,你的心思可能飞到九霄云外,你所听到的字只是右耳进左耳出。但是当你专心时,你的心思可以处理这些讯息。 
    若你想要成为一个好的聆听者- 特别是在听外语时- 你就必须持续地集中注意力。你现在正集中注意力吗?很好,接下来是你要做的事:尽可能去听所有英文的东西,这样会帮助你吸收语言中之韵律及声调。 
    别尝试去了解你所听到的每一个英文字,如果你这么做,你只会很受挫折。好的聆听者是不断地借着猜测来填补其间的空白。
    想想看你听的目的是什么。你是否需要详细的讯息,好比地址?或是你只想知道一件新闻的要点?或着你想了解某人的感受?
    在教室里,试着先预习你将听到的教材。写下一些你认为能从听中找到答案的问题。善用音像录音。自收音机录下英语节目,或是购买语言教学CDs MP3s。先从头到尾把CD MP3播放一遍,不要中断,听其大意。然后再播放一次你不了解的部份。所以别光坐在那里,做些事吧!好好的听!

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    发表于 2019-9-21 20:10:57 | 显示全部楼层
    好文。给人激励!

    点评

    是的,我觉得不错就发上来了,谢谢欣赏  详情 回复 发表于 2019-9-21 20:13
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    发表于 2019-9-21 20:12:15 | 显示全部楼层
    基本上能看懂,不过很久不用了就忘记了

    点评

    多好的文章啊,英汉对照,我觉得不错就发过来了,也许会对英语感兴趣的人有用呢  详情 回复 发表于 2019-9-21 20:14
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     楼主| 发表于 2019-9-21 20:13:17 | 显示全部楼层
    那永恒 发表于 2019-9-21 20:10
    好文。给人激励!

    是的,我觉得不错就发上来了,谢谢欣赏
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     楼主| 发表于 2019-9-21 20:14:15 | 显示全部楼层
    一默先生 发表于 2019-9-21 20:12
    基本上能看懂,不过很久不用了就忘记了

    多好的文章啊,英汉对照,我觉得不错就发过来了,也许会对英语感兴趣的人有用呢
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